The attorneys for each side (or the parties if they are unrepresented) will go through a jury selection process known as voir dire. This involves identifying possible biases that could affect a juror’s perspective on a case. For example, someone who recently has been fired might be naturally sympathetic to an employee bringing a wrongful termination case against their former employer. If one side or the other believes that a juror would be biased against them, they can ask the judge to exclude the juror for cause. If there is no basis to exclude a juror for cause, the parties or their attorneys still have a limited number of “peremptory strikes,” which allow them to exclude certain jurors without cause. Peremptory strikes cannot be used in a way that discriminates against jurors based on race or gender.